The InterAcademy Council (IAC) appointed the Study Panel on Promoting Worldwide Science and Technology Capacities for the 21st Century in November 2001. The charge to the Study Panel was to develop a global strategy for addressing this goal in the form of a report for publication by the IAC. As a contribution to the effort, the Chinese Academy of Sciences sponsored a regional workshop, Science and Technology Human-Resource Management in Asian Developing Countries, in Beijing in April 2002.
During 2002-2003, the Study Panel met five times and engaged in often-spirited discussions and intense deliberations. From these meetings and numerous electronic exchanges of ideas, the Study Panel reached consensus on a set of conclusions and recommendations for enhancing worldwide capacities in science and technology. A draft report of the Study Panel was completed in August 2003 and then revised after an extensive external-review process conducted in September 2003, as required by the rules of procedure of the InterAcademy Council.